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Typha angustifolia

More About Typha angustifolia

  • Clumping spreading stands of narrow sword-like leaves
  • Central flower stalks are equal to the height of the leaves
  • Male and female flowers are held separately
  • Cylindrical flower remnants turn brown after fertilization
  • Male flowers disperse, leaving the familiar fruiting spikes used in floral arrangements
  • Can self-seed or spread by rhizomes
  • Commonly invasive
  • Bloom Time: Early to midsummer
  • Foliage Height: 200 cm

Interesting Notes:

Native to Ontario and most of North America. Seeds, stems and roots are edible cooked, mashed, or ground into powders.

Zone:

3

Height:

175-200 cm

Spread:

200-500 cm

Colour:

Brown
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Narrowleaf Cattail Growing and Maintenance Tips

Cattails grow best in shallow water along pond edges or in swamps. They provide cover and food for wildlife. Roots can go deep, and become difficult to remove. If planting in small ponds, a root restrainer will be necessary.


Typha angustifolia Characteristics

Full Sun
Full Sun
Partial Sun/Shade
Partial Sun/Shade
Attracts Birds
Attracts Birds
Fast
Fast
Cut Flower/Foliage
Cut Flower/Foliage
Edible
Edible
Native to Ontario
Native to Ontario
Dried Flower/Foliage
Dried Flower/Foliage
Long Blooming
Long Blooming
Bog or water garden
Bog or water garden

Soil Moisture

Moist to Wet Soils
Wetland (Root submerged)

Flowering Time

Lt. Sum-Fall
Winter
Fall
Summer

Habit

Upright
Spreading

Foliage Color

Green

Landscape uses

Roadside planting
Naturalizing

 Suitable Substitutions for Typha angustifolia

Sparganium eurycarpum

Sparganium eurycarpum

Giant Bur-Reed