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Taxodium distichum

Also called Swamp Cypress

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Photo Courtesy of JF Schmidt

More About Taxodium distichum

  • Upright, pyramidal, with nearly horizontal branching
  • Soft, feathery, flat, green needles in the summer
  • Foliage turns copper-red in the fall before defoliating
  • Heavily tapered trunk with narrow, vertically strips of peeling bark
  • Tolerates moisture-retentive or submerged soil once the tree is established

Interesting Notes:

The common bald cypress is native to southern American swamps, bayous and rivers. It is primarily found in coastal areas from Maryland to Texas and in the lower Mississippi River Valley.




15-25 m


7-10 m
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Common Bald Cypress Growing and Maintenance Tips

While taxodium have the appearance of evergreens, they shed their needles every fall. A large, ornamental tree for parks or large lawns. Good selection for growing in wet soils either in low spots or near water. Note: Chlorosis often occurs in an alkaline soil.

Taxodium distichum Characteristics

Full Sun
Full Sun
Partial Sun/Shade
Partial Sun/Shade
Deer Resistant
Deer Resistant
Low Maintenance
Low Maintenance
Salt Tolerant
Salt Tolerant
Bog or water garden
Bog or water garden

Soil Moisture

Average to Dry Soils
Moist to Wet Soils
Moist to Average
Wetland (Root submerged)

Growth Rate



Deciduous conifer
Fall Color



Foliage Color


Landscape uses


 Suitable Substitutions for Taxodium distichum

Get more info on Larix laricina

Larix laricina

American Larch

Get more info on Larix decidua

Larix decidua

European Larch