Also called Eastern Teaberry, Checkerberry
More About Gaultheria procumbens
- Small, waxy, soft pink to white, bell-shaped flowers
- Red berries develop in early autumn and last through the winter
- Aromatic, evergreen, dark green foliage
- Foliage turns tones of burgundy and purple in the fall
- Spreads only about 10 cm annually by rhizomes
- Leaves produce a strong, wintergreen scent when crushed
- Wintergreen oil is used as an anti-inflammatory medication
- Bloom Time: Spring and late summer
- Native to Ontario
- First discovered by Native Americans, the leaves and berries produce the oil of wintergreen (methyl salicylate). This oil is a source for treating headache, colds, stomachaches, increasing energy and breathing. Its oil can be applied to relieve muscle aches, arthritis, and rheumatism.
- Wintergreen has also been a popular flavouring for chewing gum, candies and toothpaste.
- Procumbens means "lying on the ground" and refers to the creeping nature of the plant.
Wintergreen Growing and Maintenance Tips
Wintergreen is best grown in a consistently moist, organic, acidic soil with good drainage, in partial to full shade. Established plants can tolerate drier soils.
Gaultheria procumbens Characteristics
Native to Ontario
Moist to Average
Flowering TimeLt. Spr-Sum
Landscape usesWoodland/woods edge