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Gaultheria procumbens

Also called Eastern Teaberry, Checkerberry


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Gaultheria procumbens - Wintergreen

More About Gaultheria procumbens

  • Small, waxy, soft pink to white, bell-shaped flowers
  • Red berries develop in early autumn and last through the winter
  • Aromatic, evergreen, dark green foliage
  • Foliage turns tones of burgundy and purple in the fall
  • Spreads only about 10 cm annually by rhizomes
  • Leaves produce a strong, wintergreen scent when crushed
  • Wintergreen oil is used as an anti-inflammatory medication
  • Bloom Time: Spring and late summer

Interesting Notes:

  • Native to Ontario
  • First discovered by Native Americans,  the leaves and berries produce the oil of wintergreen (methyl salicylate). This oil is a source for treating headache, colds, stomachaches, increasing energy and breathing. Its oil can be applied to relieve muscle aches, arthritis, and rheumatism. 
  • Wintergreen has also been a popular flavouring for chewing gum, candies and toothpaste.
  • Procumbens means "lying on the ground" and refers to the creeping nature of the plant.

Zone:

4

Height:

10-15 cm

Spread:

20-30 cm

Colour:

White
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Wintergreen Growing and Maintenance Tips

Wintergreen is best grown in a consistently moist, organic, acidic soil with good drainage, in partial to full shade. Established plants can tolerate drier soils. 


Gaultheria procumbens Characteristics

Partial Sun/Shade
Partial Sun/Shade
Full Shade
Full Shade
Edible
Edible
Low Maintenance
Low Maintenance
Fragrant
Fragrant
Native to Ontario
Native to Ontario
Evergreen
Evergreen
Ground cover
Ground cover

Soil Moisture

Well-drained
Moist to Average

Growth Rate

Slow

Attributes

Berries
Fall Color

Flowering Time

Lt. Spr-Sum
Spring

Habit

Spreading
Compact

Foliage Color

Burgundy
Green (dark)

Landscape uses

Woodland/woods edge
Border/edging
Naturalizing

 Suitable Substitutions for Gaultheria procumbens

Get more info on Cornus canadensis

Cornus canadensis

Bunchberry