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Fagus sylvatica

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Fagus sylvatica - European Beech

Fagus sylvatica - European Beech

More About Fagus sylvatica

  • Densely branched, upright, oval to rounded, spreading crown
  • Dark green, ovate to elliptic, glossy leaves have a wavy texture
  • Foliage turns a golden-bronze in fall
  • Smooth, light gray bark
  • Will produce a nut enclosed in a spiny bract

Interesting Notes:

European beech is primarily distinguished from the similar American beech by its smaller size, darker gray bark, and smaller leaves.

Zone:

4

Height:

15-18 m

Spread:

12-15 m
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European Beech Growing and Maintenance Tips

A large tree at maturity, ideal for large spaces such as lawn and parks. Low-branched trees can be planted in multiples and pruned to create a dense screening or hedge. European beech grow best in a rich, moist, well-drained soil, in full sun or partial shade.


Fagus sylvatica Characteristics

Full Sun
Full Sun
Partial Sun/Shade
Partial Sun/Shade
Deer Resistant
Deer Resistant
Edible
Edible

Soil Moisture

Moist to Average
Well-drained

Growth Rate

Medium
Slow

Attributes

Deciduous
Fall Color

Habit

Oval
Pyramidal

Foliage Color

Golden
Bronze
Green (dark)

Landscape uses

Hedge
Specimen

 Suitable Substitutions for Fagus sylvatica

Fagus grandifolia

Fagus grandifolia

American Beech

Fagus sylvatica 'Rotundifolia'

Fagus sylvatica 'Rotundifolia'

Roundleaf European Beech

Carpinus betulus

Carpinus betulus

European Hornbeam