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Echinacea purpurea

Also called Eastern Purple Coneflower


Echinacea purpurea - Purple Coneflower

More About Echinacea purpurea

  • AKA Rudbeckia purpurea
  • Drooping petals of purple-pink flowers with a spiky, orange cone
  • Lance-shaped and coarse-toothed leaves on sturdy stems
  • Leaves up to 15 cm in length
  • Drought and heat tolerant
  • Bloom Time: Midsummer to early fall

Interesting Notes:

Native to Ontario

The name echinacea comes from the Greek word echinos meaning "hedgehog," in reference to the spiny, centre cone.

Echinacea purpurea is the species most widely used in herbal medicine.

Zone:

3

Height:

90-120 cm

Spread:

50-60 cm

Colour:

Purple
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Purple Coneflower Growing and Maintenance Tips

Echinacea thrives in an average to moist, well-drained soil, in full sun to partial shade. They are drought tolerant once established and adaptable to heat and poor soils. Taller cultivars may grow leggy and require staking if grown in dense shade. Regular deadheading is recommended to improve appearance, but not necessary to increase bloom time. Direct, sun exposure helps develop proper, flower pigmentation. Pay special attention to plant depth: crown must be at or slightly above soil level. Freely self-seeds if finished blooms are left on the plant.


Genus Overview: Echinacea

Interesting Notes:

 


Growing and Maintenance Tips:

Grow best in an average to moist, well-drained soil, in full sun to partial shade. Quite drought tolerant once established and very adaptable to heat and poor soils. Taller cultivars may grow leggy and require staking if grown in dense shade. Regular deadheading is recommended, but not necessary, to increase bloom time, however, it will improve the general appearance of the plant. Direct sunlight exposure helps develop proper, flower pigmentation. 

Echinacea purpurea Characteristics

Full Sun
Full Sun
Partial Sun/Shade
Partial Sun/Shade
Attracts Butterflies
Attracts Butterflies
Attracts Birds
Attracts Birds
Deer Resistant
Deer Resistant
Cut Flower/Foliage
Cut Flower/Foliage
Drought Tolerant
Drought Tolerant
Heat Tolerant
Heat Tolerant
Dried Flower/Foliage
Dried Flower/Foliage
Long Blooming
Long Blooming
Native to Ontario
Native to Ontario

Soil Moisture

Well-drained
Moist to Average

Growth Rate

Medium

Flowering Time

Lt. Sum-Fall
Summer

Habit

Clumping
Upright

Foliage Color

Green

Landscape uses

Naturalizing

 Suitable Substitutions for Echinacea purpurea

Get more info on Echinacea pallida

Echinacea pallida

Pale Purple Coneflower

Get more info on Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus'

Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus'

Magnus Coneflower

Get more info on Echinacea x 'Gemini Pink' (PP22102)

Echinacea x 'Gemini Pink' (PP22102)

Gemini Pink Coneflower

Get more info on Ratibida pinnata

Ratibida pinnata

Gray-head Coneflower