Also called Eastern Purple Coneflower
More About Echinacea purpurea
- AKA Rudbeckia purpurea
- Drooping petals of purple-pink flowers with a spiky, orange cone
- Lance-shaped and coarse-toothed leaves on sturdy stems
- Leaves up to 15 cm in length
- Drought and heat tolerant
- Bloom Time: Midsummer to early fall
The name echinacea comes from the Greek word echinos meaning "hedgehog," in reference to the spiny, centre cone.
Echinacea purpurea is the species most widely used in herbal medicine.
Purple Coneflower Growing and Maintenance Tips
Echinacea thrives in an average to moist, well-drained soil, in full sun to partial shade. They are drought tolerant once established and adaptable to heat and poor soils. Taller cultivars may grow leggy and require staking if grown in dense shade. Regular deadheading is recommended to improve appearance, but not necessary to increase bloom time. Direct, sun exposure helps develop proper, flower pigmentation. Pay special attention to plant depth: crown must be at or slightly above soil level. Freely self-seeds if finished blooms are left on the plant.
Genus Overview: Echinacea
Growing and Maintenance Tips:
Grow best in an average to moist, well-drained soil, in full sun to partial shade. Quite drought tolerant once established and very adaptable to heat and poor soils. Taller cultivars may grow leggy and require staking if grown in dense shade. Regular deadheading is recommended, but not necessary, to increase bloom time, however, it will improve the general appearance of the plant. Direct sunlight exposure helps develop proper, flower pigmentation.
Echinacea purpurea Characteristics
Moist to Average
Flowering TimeLt. Sum-Fall