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Crataegus crus-galli

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More About Crataegus crus-galli

  • Broad, rounded crown, with a dense, horizontal branching
  • Long, sharp thorns grow all along the branches
  • Branches are covered in white flowers
  • Flowers are followed by berries, ripening to red in the fall
  • In summer, oblong-obovate leaves are dark green
  • Foliage becomes orange-scarlet to purple-red in autumn
  • Bloom Time: Spring

Interesting Notes:

Native to Ontario and parts of North America.

Crus-galli in Latin means "leg of a cock", in reference to the purported resemblance of the thorns to a cock’s spurs.

Zone:

4

Height:

8-10 m

Spread:

8-10 m

Colour:

White
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Cockspur Hawthorn Growing and Maintenance Tips

While this plant can provide a beautiful show of flowers in the spring and colourful fruit in the fall, careful placement of this plant should be heeded, as the thorns can cause injury. Grown as a shrub, it can be used as a barrier for unwanted animals.  It can be grown as a specimen tree or multi-stemmed shrub.  


Crataegus crus-galli Characteristics

Full Sun
Full Sun
Attracts Butterflies
Attracts Butterflies
Attracts Birds
Attracts Birds

Soil Moisture

Well-drained
Average to Dry Soils

Growth Rate

Slow
Medium

Attributes

Berries
Deciduous
Fall Color

Flowering Time

Spring

Habit

Rounded

Foliage Color

Red
Orange
Green (dark)
Purple

Landscape uses

Hedge
Naturalizing

 Suitable Substitutions for Crataegus crus-galli

Crataegus phaenopyrum

Crataegus phaenopyrum

Washington Hawthorn

Malus x zumi 'Calocarpa'

Malus x zumi 'Calocarpa'

Redbud Crabapple