More About Carpinus betulus
- Pyramidal to oval-rounded, growth habit
- Ovate, sharp-toothed, dark green leaves
- Foliage turns an undistinguished yellow to orange in the fall
- Attractive, yellow or green catkins appear in early spring
- Smooth, gray bark has distinctive, muscle-like fluting
- Bloom Time: April
Betulus is the genus name for birch, in reference to the birch-like characteristics of this species. As the common name suggests, the extremely hard wood of this tree will take a horn-like polish, and was once used in Europe to make yokes for oxen (the beam between the oxen's horns).
European Hornbeam Growing and Maintenance Tips
This tree, if limbed-up, provides excellent, dense shade for lawns and parks, or can be pruned in late summer, into a hedge.
Carpinus betulus Characteristics
Moist to Average
Average to Dry Soils