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Carpinus betulus

More About Carpinus betulus

  • Pyramidal to oval-rounded, growth habit
  • Ovate, sharp-toothed, dark green leaves
  • Foliage turns an undistinguished yellow to orange in the fall
  • Attractive, yellow or green catkins appear in early spring
  • Smooth, gray bark has distinctive, muscle-like fluting
  • Bloom Time: April

Interesting Notes:

Betulus is the genus name for birch, in reference to the birch-like characteristics of this species. As the common name suggests, the extremely hard wood of this tree will take a horn-like polish, and was once used in Europe to make yokes for oxen (the beam between the oxen's horns).

Zone:

4

Height:

16-18 m

Spread:

9-12 m

Colour:

Yellow
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European Hornbeam Growing and Maintenance Tips

This tree, if limbed-up, provides excellent, dense shade for lawns and parks, or can be pruned in late summer, into a hedge.


Carpinus betulus Characteristics

Full Sun
Full Sun
Partial Sun/Shade
Partial Sun/Shade

Soil Moisture

Well-drained
Moist to Average
Average to Dry Soils

Growth Rate

Medium

Attributes

Fall Color
Catkins
Deciduous

Flowering Time

Spring

Habit

Oval
Pyramidal

Foliage Color

Orange
Yellow
Green

Landscape uses

Hedge
Specimen

 Suitable Substitutions for Carpinus betulus

Fagus sylvatica 'Rotundifolia'

Fagus sylvatica 'Rotundifolia'

Roundleaf European Beech

Carpinus caroliniana

Carpinus caroliniana

Blue Beech/Musclewood

Fagus grandifolia

Fagus grandifolia

American Beech